Analog to Digital TechnologyOn 28th december, 1895 Lumiere brothers had a public viewing of the films shot by them . With people buying tickets first time on that day, film as an art form was born. Over the last century 99% of motion pictures were shot on celluloid. Over the last 20 years development has been made which enabled us to capture images without film stocks but by using digital technology. Cinema is a very new art form when compared to music, painting and writing . But within that time it has gone through a journey from silent to sound; linear to non-linear; black and white to color;and currently from analog to digital. Till 2000’s there were no existing technology to replace celluloid . But in last 20 years we have gone from 100% celluloid to less than 40% celluloid. The workflow of films shot on celluloid has been consistent, predictable and dependable since beginning . All this changed with the introduction of digital shooting and post-production. Digital workflows are dynamic and ever evolving . Most of the films shot digitally use different workflows on some aspect or other. Use of digital technology in cinematography has changed filmmaking in many ways . Though the asthetics behind composition,camera movement, use of light and color remains same , their excecution to achieve desired result has changed. As a cinematographer of our generation we had to relearn our craft and adapt ourselves to this evolving technology. We also had to add new words to our vocabulary like resampling, de-bayering, ACES color space , MTF and many more! Very basic difference when one talks about analog and digital cinematography that comes to mind is - film stock is made of silver bromide crystals which are randomly distributed and changes from frame to frame whereas pixels are defined as fixed grid . This results in different feel for motion pictures shot on celluloid and digital cameras. Another basic difference between analog and digital cinematography is color reproduction process. Analog film’s rendering of color is neither linear nor neutral rather it shows very distingtive charcteristics whereas color coding of digital cameras are controlled by linear or logarithmic assignment of values to each color channel. It is fascinating to use science and technology to create art. Digital cinematography has opened up new and exciting doors in the world of filmmaking , learning which is going to help us realize the visuals we only dreamt of. Tuly RoyDept. of CinematographyT series stageworks Academy, Guwahati
Breath, a tool to enhance your voiceVoice is one of the most important instrument for an actor, both on screen and on stage. While delivering a dialogue the actor has to keep in mind the emotion, tonal texture, audibility and diction. Take any great actor, you will realize how they use their voice for greater effects. It’s not just the quality of the voice, but how they modulate it to convey the emotions.There is no factor that affects your voice as much as breathing does. Even doctors acknowledge that by correcting the breathing process, most of the speaking inabilities can be corrected.So, how do you master the breathing process? Follow the directions below :1. Lie down on the floor on your back and keep one hand on your stomach.2. Breathe only through your nose and not through the mouth.3. Inhale until you can feel your stomach rising. Try to inhale as much as possible.4. Exhale slowly not forcefully with “hmmm” sound.5. Repeat the steps again. This is one of the most effective breathing exercises that helps you to have good command over your vocal chord and it enhances your voice tonal quality tooT-Series Stageworks Academy Guwahati.
PULSE : IN EDITINGPulse is the smallest, the most constant, and perhaps the most ineffable unit of rhythm in ﬁlm. It is ever present, just as it is in your body, and unnoticed, just as in your body. Pulse in ﬁlm has a few other characteristics in common with a living body —it tends to stay within a certain range of speeds, it organizes the perception of fast and slow, and it keeps the ﬁlm alive. Just as in a living body, if a ﬁlm’s pulse stops, slows, or speeds too much, the results can be dire for the rhythm, the story, or the experience of the ﬁlm. Pulse deﬁnes and demarcates what the master 'Tarkovsky' calls “the consistency of time ” or the “time pressure ” within shots. A single pulsation is the extra effort placed on one part of a movement compared to the less intensively energetic other parts of the movement. So, just as in the beating of a heart, there is a continuous on/off of emphasis points, accents on words, gestures, camera moves, colors, or any other pro-ﬁlmic event. Actors may develop characters in part by developing a distinguishing pulse; that is, the energy and speed with which they put emphasis on words, gestures, etc. Pulses are shaped by the energy or intention behind movement or speech and make that energy or intention perceptible to the spectator.Rahul Kr. GuptaDept. Of Video Editing,T-Series StageWorks, Guwahati.
Focus As Actor's Asset Focus is something which is misunderstood in the rehearsal space many times. Actually focus as command is not completed. From actors point of view focus needs target and what to focus is a key point, it has multiple possibilities too and center power for actors. Actors must do focus from breathing to body to co actors and given ambient. In the larger sense it creates concentration and regarding this the master Stanislavsky gave the process of " Concentration in smaller circle, concentration in medium circle and concentration in larger circle " It starts with self to the whole parts of the space. Focus leads to the process of concentration and it has to be solid all the time in the creative process of acting and then it keeps giving birth of multiple pieces of art. Focus works magically and it works on multiple level. Actors use this tool to create real responses. The process of focusing on one living and dead object to multiple living and dead objects creates tremendous awareness and when this awareness happens on stage or in front of camera then one can see that everything around the space starts effecting the actors mind body and soul and this is something very soul requirement in the process of acting to built the organic art. Focus comes through practice and it has great potential. Initially it may sustain couple of seconds but then always come back to the target is the key point and repeated practice can always help the actors to become a master in it. Its a meditation or we can say a moving meditation. Focus is needed to focus on many things on stage. Actors sometimes miss the opportunity to respond many macro happenings. In the ecosystem of acting missing anything is bad. Dynamic focus makes actors more capable to respond countless things happening in front of them. Concentration of attention comes when the focus practice gains the accuracy and if concentration of attention is properly made on stage then actors can really engage the co actors, surrounding space and all the nonliving objects and this is very basic initiation has to taken by actors every time. Shubadip Raha CEO, Tseries Stageworks Guwahati
How Actors can creatively and constructively utilize this Lockdown time. I happen to read some optimistic thought online that maybe William Shakespeare wrote ‘“King Lear” “Macbeth,” and “Antony and Cleopatra, ” in quarantine when the Globe theatre had to be closed due to plague, in the summer of year 1606 .It’s a comforting thought, if you happen to be both an intellectual and optimistic at focusing in times of such existential crisis. Now that we have a complete Lockdown here in India ,I suggest the actors to utilize this time creatively and constructively by working on improving their skills instead of sitting around waiting, take action and work on ways to move their acting career forward! I have put together a five point plan for the actors that can come to their rescue in these uncertain times 1. Read good film scripts and plays. Read the scripts of your favorite films and plays. Acquaint yourself to the world of Shakespeare, Anton Chekov, and Tennessee Williams, Mohan Rakesh, Vijay Tendulkar,Padmanath Gohain Baruah,Bishnu Prasad Rabha or Gopal Dev.Read their scripts aloud on your own and with every reading, try to understand the feelings and emotions in the scene. By introducing yourself to the famous play writes, you'll build up your knowledge of good scripts and develop a knack for reading good scripts. Lot of free material is available online and if you chose to go an extra mile you could buy more e-content. Try general keywords to search for your favorite Playwrights to find the scripts. The classics, particularly the very old ones –like William Shakespear,Sophocles,Henrik Ibsen,Euripides in Western and Kalidasa, Bhas,Bhavabhuti in Indian or Srimanta Sankardev's Ankiya Nat in Assames can usually be found online for free or at a nominal cost. 2. Watch the works of great actors. Professional actors in films or on stage look natural and effortless on stage or infront of the camera, but the truth is that those performances are mostly the result of years of hard work and continuous efforts to grow and improve. Watch the works of great actors. Understand your favorite actors work. Analyze how do they use their bodies, understand how effectively they use there facial expressions. Device your own practice sessions to work on your facial expressions and your body .You can seek help from YouTube for various facial and body exercises. Go an extra mile by combining your gestures with dialogues from film or play script, with this you could develop your own personal routine in a wonderful way to integrate your body with spoken lines. 3. Prepare for the Auditions. While some auditions will require you to perform from a given piece of the text from the script that will be a part of the actual script of the play or film/serial.Many a times, however, you will be asked to sperform your own audition piece. Monologues are basic requirements for individual auditions. While you watch your favorite movies or plays online just pen down a few interesting monologues to work on them. Perform your favorite monologues to your family. Shoot your performances and send it to your family groups and friends this could be a refreshing experience for them in these hard times. Ask for feedback, a beautiful and creative way to connect with your loved ones and to create your own future audience as well! 4. Take good selfies and pictures for future use. Since you have all the time in the world to yourself, utilise this time to put on your favorite dress and make up and use all your styling techniques to capture your best pictures that highlight your features in close shots and your basic stats (height,weight,body type,age etc). You could use these to send to the casting directors and agencies in the future and they also count for those lovely Dp pics in the days to come! 5. Register yourself for an Online Class. There are a lot of institutions like T-Series Stageworks,Guwahati , offering continuous learning material and content to its students. Enroll yourself in one such class to gain professional help to your learning. Beyond simply giving you more experience, you'll also receive professional level assessment and advice from the experts in the field. If you're anxious about taking a class by all yourself, ask a family member to join along you, this way you two could team up for various learning activities together and since age is no barrier in acting, it now makes all the more sense to help your elderly or younger family members to unleash the hidden actor in them.Tseries Stageworks,Guwhati is now taking registrations for its upcoming batches. Ms Renu Garg, Dean -Tseries Stageworks,Guwahati.
Cinematography according to Meriam-Webster dictionary is Art or Science of motion picture photography. If we consider the etymology of the word Cinematography itself we notice that the word is derived from a combination of Greek words-1.Kinema –meaning movement 2. Graphene- meaning To Record. Hence it is no surprise that one of the major responsibilities of the cinematographer is deciding camera movements. Today we are not going to talk about different camera movements or how to achieve them. We are going to talk about movements in a shot. Very rarely we find beginning and end frames of shot to be same. In some cases camera keep moving throughout the duration of shot. You can watch classic films of Jean Renoir or Miklos Jancso . In their films these kind of shot taking places more importance on structural integrity of shot than editing. The continuously moving camera fluidly re-frames composition.In some cases the camera is static but the characters in the frame keep moving.You can watch the films by legendary director Yasuziro Ozu . In this static style the actors perform the scene as if they were on stage and the camera was the eye of the audience.Another way of executing movement in a shot is by racking focus . By shifting focus from one character to another we can force the audience to move their eyes. While shooting a film one of the important concerns of the cinematographer is what to show and what to hide . What to emphasize and what to de-emphasize and also how loud and subtle they want this manipulation to be .Movement is one of the ways to take care of it.Tuly RoyDept.of CinematographyT-series stageworks, Guwahati
VFX is all about compositing a live action scene with an another scene. It is the match movement of cameras, backgrounds,3D models with or without animation. Following with the required textures and shaders(Graphics) in the models, Lighting and Shading plays a crucial role. And Animation is the key to create an impact on the artificial subject. It comes with a thorough observation in range of motion by which a Rig will be applied on the subject,as the controller.Smoke,Fire,Water. etc results after a detailed study and practice in Particles/Dynamics following with Colour Correction.Now when you know there is a lot to learn,it can be a little overwhelming feeling,like I am never going to learn at all. Actually you don't need to know everything. Follow the 80/20 rule: There is only 20% of the features inside of a 3D Software that you use 80% of the time and we teach you the core concepts,art and techniques that you can use all the time creating your own projects confidently in the future.-Himangshu MedoksonIn-House Faculty for Visual EffectsTseries Stageworks Guwahati
Find your voiceWhat you are looking for is with you/You already have what you are looking for.You can know your voice, all you need is proper guidance. Each person has his/her unique voice but everyone can not sing. Only and only few of them have been blessed with that by nature.Only the person, who is the master in that field can guide how to recognize that precious gift. And whether you are in tone and rythm or not. And what your future is.When you go in touch with a perfect master for practice of music, your real journey starts. Let us know how this journey is.Your musical lessons starts with tone " Sa " . There are mainly 7 notes in music. Those are Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni respectively. Then why start from Sa only?According to me, Sa means fulfillment.Sa has the power to integrate other 6 notes in self. If the king has the capacity to integrate all the society in self, the system of the state words easily. If Sa is perfect, the music journey will be successful. Then what is the role of other 6 notes?Other 6 notes are located at the certain distance from Sa . The role of each of them is decided from their distance from Sa. And a perfect master plays an important role in knowing that distance.How precise your voice is and its softness decides the intensity of how it will reach to the audience. Therefore in addition to 7 Major, 4 minor and 1 Sharp and their distance from Sa can be learnt under the guidance of the perfect master. And a whole pole of 12 notes can be raised from your neck ( voice ) just on ektari.Listening is important in music. If you are a good listener and if you develop the skill to listen, you can sing better . But you need a guidance of what to listen and how. Your inclination towards listening and on which path in music you want to move on .. classical, semiclassical, Folk ,sufi or western from that you need to direct your voice . And this direction only perfect master can show you.-D.Jayvant
Singing immediately inspires and awakens up the slumbering soul in us. When we sing a divine song, a soulful song, it immediately brings purity into our system. Singing purifies our limited consciousness and brings us universal harmony. We are constantly breaking the universal harmony in our daily lives, but when we sing, we tend to build and create universal harmony around us. If we can sing, we can have the purest consciousness and perfect harmony in our nature. Nothing delights our soul more than soulful singing.Vocal jazz or jazz singing is an instrumental approach to the voice, where the singer can match the instruments in their stylistic approach to the lyrics, improvised or otherwise, all through scat singing; that is the use of non-morphemic syllables to imitate the sound of instruments. D. Jayvant
Music is a form of art, an expression of emotion through harmonic frequency. Music is also a form of entertainment that put sound together in a way that people like. The word ‘Music’ is derived from the Greek word ‘Mousike’ which means art. So Music is an art of sound that has been organised by using rhythm, melody & harmony.